When you first start sewing you are going to want to use a sewing pattern. Patterns come in different sizes so be sure to check the label for the correct size you are looking for. To start, iron each piece of the pattern on low heat. Lay it flat out on your table and cut the pieces along the outside line. Never cut off the excess sizes because you may need them later. You will notice along the way that your pattern has small triangles in certain places. These are indicators for lining up the fabric. Be sure to cut opposite the triangle so you are cutting outward when the triangle is facing inwards.
Once you have cut all the pieces of the pattern you will organized them on your fabric as shown in the pattern image. A sewing pattern will tell you the amount of each type of fabric needed for the project on the back as well as any other details needed. This way you can purchase what you need when you buy the pattern. Additionally, it will show you the best way to lay out the pattern on your fabric to help minimize waste. Be sure to do it properly as some pieces are designed to be cut on a folded edge for the extra space. Carefully iron the pattern on top of the fabric, this will help it stay in place.
Using straight pins, pin the pattern every few inches so that it will stay in place while you are cutting. When you have finished cutting you can remove the pins, fold the pattern pieces back up and put them back in the envelope. Patterns come printed on tissue paper which can rip easily so if you intend to make more copies its a good idea to cut out new patters on a slightly thicker roll of paper to have as a backup. You can always iron the tissue paper over and over with each use, it will not harm the pattern. Next you will follow the instructions for sewing and pinning that are listed with the pattern. Before you know it, your project will be completed.
One thing you should know about sewing is that there are many different types of scissors. When you go to the craft store you will see them labeled accordingly. Choose an all-purpose fabric scissor for your cutting and use it only on fabric, thread and the tissue paper. The blades of the different types of scissors are designed to be tougher or softer depending on their use. For example, you wouldn’t use your kitchen scissors to cut the newspaper. Such acts will actually dull or ruin the scissors, which are not cheap. Pinking shears are a good type of scissor to have if you plan to sew regularly. These have zig-zag teeth which help prevent fraying. Another way to prevent fraying is to use a fray stop gel which can be found at any craft store. You carefully paint it on the edge of the fabric after you have sewn it to prevent frayed edges.
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